If you have a poor oral health routine or there are places in your mouth that are difficult to clean, bacteria from your food may begin to build up. When bacteria begins to collect around your teeth the acids and sugars in the bacteria begin to eat away at your gums. Next, your gums begin to recede or move away from the tooth causing small pockets between the tooth and the gum. These small pockets make it easier for food and bacteria to get stuck around your gums, thus furthering the gum disease. In the early stages of gum disease you may experience gum swelling in the areas where the bacteria is attacking the gums. The good news is that this stage of gum disease, gingivitis, is reversible with regular periodontal cleanings at our dental office in OKC.
Periodontitis - The Second Stage of Gum Disease
When gum disease is not caught early or it is not treated right away, the disease progresses into a life-long disease called periodontal disease. The pockets between your teeth and your gums begin to deepen as your gums recede more. This may even make your teeth look longer than normal. Without the stability of the gums holding the tooth in place, you are at an increased risk of tooth loss. Additionally, the further the gum disease eats away your gum tissue, the closer it gets to your tooth’s bone, putting you at risk for bone loss. However, periodontal disease can be maintained with periodontal or deep cleanings. Spotting and treating periodontal disease is the best way to maintain good oral health and keep the function and appearance of the smile you love.